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Tafecta- A potent warrior against Hepatitis B virus

Tenofovir Alafenamide is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in adults with compensated liver disease.

Due to its enhanced stability in the plasma, Tenofovir Alafenamide delivers tenofovir more efficiently to hepatocytes, with approximately 1/10 the dose of Tenofovir Disoproxil. In addition, with Tenofovir Alafenamide, there is 89% less tenofovir circulating in the plasma, resulting in reduced systemic exposure.


Tafecta Tablet: Each film coated tablet contains 28 mg of Tenofovir Alafenamide Fumarate (TAF) INN equivalent to Tenofovir Alafenamide 25 mg.

Mechanism Of Action

Tenofovir Alafenamide is a phosphonamidate prodrug of Tenofovir (2’-deoxyadenosine monophosphate analog). Tenofovir Alafenamide as a lipophilic cell-permeant compound enters primary hepatocytes by passive diffusion and by the hepatic uptake transporters OATP1B1 and OATP1B3. Tenofovir Alafenamide is then converted to Tenofovir through hydrolysis primarily by Carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) in primary hepatocytes. Intracellular Tenofovir is subsequently phosphorylated by cellular kinases to the pharmacologically active metabolite Tenofovir Diphosphate. Tenofovir Diphosphate inhibits Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) replication through incorporation into viral DNA by the HBV reverse transcriptase, which results in DNA chain-termination.

Tenofovir Diphosphate is a weak inhibitor of mammalian DNA polymerases that include mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ and there is no evidence of toxicity to mitochondria in cell culture.


Cardiac Electrophysiology

In a thorough QT/QTc study in 48 healthy subjects, Tenofovir Alafenamide at the recommended dose or at a dose 5 times the recommended dose did not affect the QT/QTc interval and did not prolong the PR interval.


The pharmacokinetic properties of Tenofovir Alafenamide are provided in Table.

Pharmacokinetic Properties of TENOFOVIR ALAFENAMIDE

Tmax (h) 0.48
Effect of high fat meal (relative to fasting): AUClast Ratioa 1.65 (1.51, 1.81)
% Bound to human plasma proteins 80%
Source of protein binding data Ex vivo
Blood-to-plasma ratio 1.0
Metabolismb CES1 (hepatocytes) Cathepsin A (PBMCs) CYP3A (minimal)
Major route of elimination Metabolism ( > 80% of oral dose)
t½ (h)c 0.51
% Of dose excreted in urined < 1
% Of dose excreted in fecesd 31.7


CES1 = carboxylesterase 1; PBMCs = peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

  1. Values refer to geometric mean ratio in AUClast [fed/fasted] and (90% confidence interval). High fat meal = ~800 kcal, 50% fat.
  2. In vivo, Tenofovir Alafenamide is hydrolyzed within cells to form Tenofovir (major metabolite), which is phosphorylated to the active metabolite, Tenofovir Diphosphate. In vitro studies have shown that Tenofovir Alafenamide is metabolized to Tenofovir by CES1 in hepatocytes, and by Cathepsin A in PBMCs and macrophages.
  3. t1/2 values refer to median terminal plasma half-life.
  4. Dosing in mass balance study: Tenofovir Alafenamide 25 mg (single dose administration of [14 C] Tenofovir Alafenamide).

Specific Populations

Geriatric Patients, Race, and Gender

No clinically relevant differences in Tenofovir Alafenamide or Tenofovir pharmacokinetics due to race or gender have been identified.

Patients with Renal Impairment

Relative to subjects with normal renal function (estimated creatinine clearance ≥90 mL/min), the Tenofovir Alafenamide and Tenofovir systemic exposures in subjects with severe renal impairment were 1.9-fold and 5.7-fold higher, respectively. The pharmacokinetics of Tenofovir Alafenamide have not been evaluated in patients with creatinine clearance less than 15 mL per minute.

Patients with Hepatic Impairment

Relative to subjects with normal hepatic function, Tenofovir Alafenamide and Tenofovir systemic exposures were 7.5% and 11% lower in subjects with mild hepatic impairment, respectively.

HIV and/or Hepatitis C Virus Co-infection.

The pharmacokinetics of Tenofovir Alafenamide have not been fully evaluated in subjects coinfected with HIV and/or hepatitis C virus.


Tenofovir Alafenamide is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in adults with compensated liver disease.


Testing Prior to Initiation of Tenofovir Alafenamide

Prior to initiation of Tenofovir Alafenamide, patients should be tested for HIV-1 infection. Tenofovir Alafenamide alone should not be used in patients with HIV infection

It is recommended that serum creatinine, serum phosphorous, estimated creatinine clearance, urine glucose, and urine protein be assessed before initiating Tenofovir Alafenamide and during therapy in all patients as clinically appropriate.

Recommended Dosage in Adults

The recommended dosage of Tenofovir Alafenamide is 25 mg (one tablet) taken orally once daily with food.

Dosage in Patients with Renal Impairment

No dosage adjustment of Tenofovir Alafenamide is required in patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment. Tenofovir Alafenamide is not recommended in patients with end stage renal disease (estimated creatinine clearance below 15 mL per minute.

Dosage in Patients with Hepatic Impairment

No dosage adjustment of Tenofovir Alafenamide is required in patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A).Tenofovir Alafenamide is not recommended in patients with decompensated (Child-Pugh B or C) hepatic impairment.



There are no human data on the use of Tenofovir Alafenamide in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risks of adverse fetal developmental outcome. In animal studies, no adverse developmental effects were observed when Tenofovir Alafenamide was administered during the period of organogenesis at exposure equal to or 51 times (rats and rabbits, respectively) the Tenofovir Alafenamide exposure at the recommended daily dose of Tenofovir Alafenamide. No adverse effects were observed in the offspring when TDF (Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate) was administered through lactation at Tenofovir exposures of approximately 12 times the exposure at the recommended daily dosage of Tenofovir Alafenamide.


It is not known whether Tenofovir Alafenamide and its metabolites are present in human breast milk, affect human milk production, or have effects on the breastfed infant. Tenofovir has been shown to be present in the milk of lactating rats and rhesus monkeys after administration of Tenofovir Disproxil Fumarate. It is not known if Tenofovir Alafenamide can be present in animal milk. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for Tenofovir Alafenamide and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from Tenofovir Alafenamide or from the underlying maternal condition.

Pediatric use

Safety and effectiveness of Tenofovir Alafenamide in pediatric patients less than 18 years of age have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Clinical trials of Tenofovir Alafenamide did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

Renal Impairment

No dosage adjustment of Tenofovir Alafenamide is required in patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment. Tenofovir Alafenamide is not recommended in patients with end stage renal disease .

Hepatic Impairment

No dosage adjustment of Tenofovir Alafenamide is required in patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A). The safety and efficacy of Tenofovir Alafenamide in patients with decompensated cirrhosis (Child-Pugh B or C) have not been established; therefore Tenofovir Alafenamide is not recommended in patients with decompensated (Child-Pugh B or C) hepatic impairment.




Lactic Acidosis/Severe Hepatomegaly with Steatosis

Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis, including fatal cases, have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs, including Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in combination with other antiretrovirals. A majority of these cases have been in women. Obesity and prolonged nucleoside exposure may be risk factors. Particular caution should be exercised when administering nucleoside analogs to any patient with known risk factors for liver disease; however, cases have also been reported in patients with no known risk factors. Treatment with Tenofovir Alafenamide should be suspended in any patient who develops clinical or laboratory findings suggestive of lactic acidosis or pronounced hepatotoxicity (which may include hepatomegaly and steatosis even in the absence of marked transaminase elevations).

Severe Acute Exacerbation of Hepatitis B after Discontinuation of Treatment

Discontinuation of anti-hepatitis B therapy, including Tenofovir Alafenamide, may result in severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B. Patients who discontinue Tenofovir Alafenamide should be closely monitored with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months after stopping treatment. If appropriate, resumption of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted.

Risk of Development of HIV-1 Resistance in Patients Coinfected with HBV and HIV-1

Due to the risk of development of HIV-1 resistance, Tenofovir Alafenamide alone is not recommended for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. The safety and efficacy of Tenofovir Alafenamide have not been established in patients coinfected with HBV and HIV-1. HIV antibody testing should be offered to all HBV-infected patients before initiating therapy with Tenofovir Alafenamide, and, if positive, an appropriate antiretroviral combination regimen that is recommended for patients coinfected with HIV-1 should be used.

New Onset or Worsening Renal Impairment

Renal impairment, including cases of acute renal failure and Fanconi syndrome (renal tubular injury with severe hypophosphatemia), has been reported with the use of Tenofovir prodrugs in both animal toxicology studies and human trials. In clinical trials of Tenofovir Alafenamide, there have been no cases of Fanconi syndrome or Proximal Renal Tubulopathy (PRT).

Patients taking Tenofovir prodrugs who have impaired renal function and those taking nephrotoxic agents, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are at increased risk of developing renal-related adverse reactions

It is recommended that serum Creatinine, serum phosphorous, estimated Creatinine clearance, urine glucose, and urine protein be assessed before initiating Tenofovir Alafenamide and during therapy in all patients as clinically appropriate. Discontinue Tenofovir Alafenamide in patients who develop clinically significant decreases in renal function or evidence of Fanconi syndrome.


Most common adverse reactions are headache, abdominal pain, fatigue, cough, nausea, and back pain.


  Potential for Other Drugs to Affect Tenofovir Alafenamide

Tenofovir Alafenamide is a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and BCRP. Drugs that strongly affect P-gp and BCRP activity may lead to changes in Tenofovir Alafenamide absorption. Drugs that induce P-gp activity are expected to decrease the absorption of Tenofovir Alafenamide, resulting in decreased plasma concentrations of Tenofovir Alafenamide, which may lead to loss of therapeutic effect of Tenofovir Alafenamide. Co-administration of Tenofovir Alafenamide with other drugs that inhibit P-gp and BCRP may increase the absorption and plasma concentration of Tenofovir Alafenamide.

  Drugs Affecting Renal Function

Because Tenofovir is primarily excreted by the kidneys by a combination of glomerular filtration and active tubular secretion, coadministration of Tenofovir Alafenamide with drugs that reduce renal function or compete for active tubular secretion may increase concentrations of Tenofovir and other renally eliminated drugs and this may increase the risk of adverse reactions. Some examples of drugs that are eliminated by active tubular secretion include, but are not limited to, Acyclovir, Cidofovir, Ganciclovir, Valacyclovir, Valganciclovir, Aminoglycosides (e.g., Gentamicin), and high-dose or multiple NSAIDs

   Established and Other Potentially Significant Interactions

Table below provides a listing of established or potentially clinically significant drug interactions. The drug interactions described are based on studies conducted with Tenofovir Alafenamide or are predicted drug interactions that may occur with Tenofovir Alafenamide.

The table includes potentially significant interactions but is not all inclusive.  

                                              Established and Other Potentially Significant Drug Interactions

Concomitant Drug Class: Drug Name        Effect on Concentrationb            Clinical Comment











↓ Tenofovir Alafenamide



When coadministered with Carbamazepine, the Tenofovir Alafenamide dose should be increased to two tablets once daily.

Coadministration of Tenofovir Alafenamide with Oxcarbazepine, Phenobarbital, or Phenytoin is not recommended.









↓ Tenofovir Alafenamide



Coadministration of Tenofovir Alafenamide with Rifabutin, Rifampin or Rifapentine is not recommended.



Herbal Products:

St. John’s wort*

(Hypericum Perforatum)



↓ Tenofovir Alafenamide



Coadministration of Tenofovir Alafenamide with St. John’s wort is not recommended.


  1. This table is not all inclusive.
  2. ↓ = decrease.
  3. Indicates that a drug interaction study was conducted.

* P-gp inducer

Drugs without Clinically Significant Interactions with Tenofovir Alafenamide

Based on drug interaction studies conducted with Tenofovir Alafenamide, no clinically significant drug interactions have been observed with: Ethinyl Estradiol, Itraconazole, Ketoconazole, Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir, Midazolam, Norgestimate, Sertraline, Sofosbuvir, and Sofosbuvir/Velpatasvir.


Storage condition

Store below 30 °C.

Store in dry place away from light.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Prescription & Packing

Tafeta Tablet: Each Commercial box contains 30 tablets in Alu-Alu blister pack.

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Life saving drugs are either beyond the reach of general people or not available in many countries. Because of the patient exemptions for Bangladeshi companies,Beacon Pharmaceuticals can manufacture the patented drugs. As a support to global patient…Read More

Registered & Licensed by Regulatory
Authority of Bangladesh

Tafecta is a registered product by the Directorate General of Drug Administration & Licensing Authority (Drugs) of Bangladesh. Drug Registration Number: 341-309-032 Inclusion Date: 30-04-2017 Valid up to: 29-04-2022


Beacon Pharmaceuticals Limited
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Motijheel,Dhaka-1223, Bangladesh.
Phone: +880-2-57165371-79
Fax: +880-2-57165379


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